The traditional two-step quantitative goodwill impairment assessment involves
estimating the fair value of a reporting unit and comparing it with its carrying amount. If the carrying amount of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value, additional steps are followed to determine and recognize, if appropriate, an impairment
loss. Calculating the fair value of the reporting units requires our significant use of estimates and assumptions. We estimate the fair values of our reporting units by applying a combination of third-party market-value indicators, when observable
market data is available, and discounted future cash flows to each of our reporting units projected EBITDA. In applying this methodology, we rely on a number of factors, including actual and forecasted operating results and market data.
As a result of the assessments performed for fiscal 2016 and 2015, there were no goodwill impairments, including no reporting units that were at risk of failing step one
of the traditional two-step quantitative analysis, except for our Kirker reporting unit, which had an estimated fair value that exceeded its carrying value by approximately 8% at May 31, 2016.
As described further in Note B, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, during the second quarter of fiscal 2017, we identified certain factors that we
considered important in assessing the requirement to perform an interim impairment evaluation for our Kirker reporting unit. First, Kirkers three-month operating results for the period ended November 30, 2016 were significantly below
historical and expected operating results and downward adjustments were made regarding our expectations for Kirkers performance. Second, Kirker experienced market share losses at several key customers, including the loss of its largest
customer, which accounted for over 15% of Kirkers fiscal 2016 sales. Third, some problematic customer relationship issues surfaced, which resulted in a personnel change in a key leadership position at Kirker. After considering the totality of
these events, we determined that an interim step one goodwill impairment assessment was required, as well as an impairment assessment for our intangible and other long-lived assets. Accordingly, during our second fiscal quarter we recorded a loss
totaling $188.3 million for the impairment of goodwill and intangibles at our Kirker reporting unit. After recording the goodwill impairment loss, no goodwill remained at the Kirker reporting unit at November 30, 2016. As a result of the
required annual assessments performed during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017, there were no additional goodwill impairments, including no other reporting units that were at risk of failing step one of the traditional
two-step quantitative analysis.
Additionally, we test all indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment annually. We
perform the required annual impairment assessments as of the first day of our fourth fiscal quarter. We may elect to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of an indefinite-lived
intangible asset is less than its carrying amount before applying traditional quantitative tests. We applied both qualitative and quantitative processes during our annual indefinite-lived intangible asset impairment assessments performed during the
fourth quarters of fiscal 2017, 2016 and 2015.
The annual impairment assessment involves estimating the fair value of each indefinite-lived asset and comparing it
with its carrying amount. If the carrying amount of the intangible asset exceeds its fair value, we record an impairment loss equal to the difference. Calculating the fair value of the indefinite-lived assets requires our significant use of
estimates and assumptions. We estimate the fair values of our intangible assets by applying a relief-from-royalty calculation, which includes discounted future cash flows related to each of our intangible assets projected revenues. In applying
this methodology, we rely on a number of factors, including actual and forecasted revenues and market data. As a result of the assessments performed for fiscal 2016 and 2015, there were no impairments. Results of intangible
asset impairment assessments performed during fiscal 2017 are outlined below.
As further described in Note B, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, during the quarter ended February 28, 2017, we identified certain factors that we
considered important in assessing the requirement to perform an interim impairment evaluation for our Restore indefinite tradename asset. First, sales of our Restore product line during the three-month period ended February 28, 2017 were below
historical and expected operating results and significant downward adjustments were recently made to sales projections for Restore products. In the quarter ended February 28, 2017, we became aware that it was highly likely that Restores
largest customer would discontinue sales of the Restore product line in its retail stores, which was evidenced by this customers significant reduction in future orders based on its historical order pattern. We determined that this was
significant to consider for the purposes of impairment testing, as sales of Restore products to this customer accounted for over 60% of total sales of Restore products for fiscal 2016. After considering the magnitude of the loss in sales volume from
this key customer, we determined that it was necessary to perform an interim assessment for our Restore intangible assets. Accordingly, during the third quarter of fiscal 2017, we recorded a preliminary loss totaling $4.9 million for the
impairment of the Restore tradename. After performing the required annual assessments of indefinite-lived intangible assets during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2017, we finalized the Restore tradename valuation with no adjustment and there were no
Should the future earnings and cash flows at our reporting units decline and/or discount rates increase, future impairment charges to
goodwill and other intangible assets may be required.
13) Advertising Costs
Advertising costs are charged to operations when incurred and are included in SG&A expenses. For the years ended May 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015, advertising costs
were $52.3 million, $49.7 million and $40.8 million, respectively.
14) Research and Development
Research and development costs are charged to operations when incurred and are included in SG&A expenses. The amounts charged to expense for the years ended
May 31, 2017, 2016 and 2015 were $64.9 million, $61.5 million and $56.7 million, respectively.
Stock-based compensation represents the cost related to stock-based awards granted to our employees and directors, which may include
restricted stock and stock appreciation rights (SARs). We measure stock-based compensation cost at the date of grant, based on the estimated fair value of the award. We recognize the cost as expense on a straight-line basis (net of
estimated forfeitures) over the related vesting period. Refer to Note H, Stock-Based Compensation, for further information.
16) Investment (Income), Net
(income), net, consists of the following components:
(Gain) on sale of marketable securities
Other-than-temporary impairment on securities
Investment (income), net
RPM International Inc. and Subsidiaries 39
RPM International Inc. (NYSE: RPM) owns subsidiaries that are world leaders in coatings, sealants, building materials and related services. From homes to precious landmarks worldwide, their brands are trusted by consumers and professionals alike to protect, improve and beautify. Among its leading consumer brands are Rust-Oleum, DAP and Zinsser. Learn more about RPM brands >>
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