SEC Document

RPM INTERNATIONAL INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS – (Continued)

 

carrying value of 8% for our Kirker reporting unit. During the quarter ended August 31, 2016, we reported that while Kirker’s first quarter results were below the comparable prior year period, their performance was in line with expectations, and our assessment of the Kirker business did not indicate the presence of any goodwill impairment triggering events.

For the quarter ended November 30, 2016, we identified certain factors that we considered important in assessing the requirement to perform an interim impairment evaluation for our Kirker reporting unit.  First, Kirker’s three month operating results for the period ended November 30, 2016 were significantly below historical and expected operating results and downward adjustments were recently made regarding our expectations for Kirker’s performance. In the quarter ended November 30, 2016, Kirker experienced market share losses at several key customers, including the loss of its largest customer, which accounted for over 15% of Kirker’s fiscal 2016 sales.  In addition, some problematic customer relationship issues surfaced during the quarter ended November 30, 2016, which resulted in a personnel change in a key leadership position at Kirker.  After considering the totality of these recent events, we determined that an interim step one goodwill impairment assessment was required, as well as an impairment assessment for our intangible and other long-lived assets.  Our testing resulted in the impairment charges outlined above for goodwill and other intangible assets.  

Our goodwill impairment assessment included estimating the fair value of our Kirker reporting unit and comparing it with its carrying amount at November 30, 2016.  Since the carrying amount of Kirker exceeded its fair value, additional steps were required to determine and recognize an impairment loss. Calculating the fair value of a reporting unit requires our significant use of estimates and assumptions, which are generally considered Level 3 inputs based on our review of the fair value hierarchy. We estimated the fair value of our Kirker reporting unit by applying a discounted future cash flow calculation to Kirker’s projected earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”). In applying this methodology, we relied on a number of factors, including actual and forecasted operating results and market data for the nail enamel industry.  Discounted cash flow calculations represent a common measure used to value and buy or sell businesses in our industry.  The discounted cash flow used in the goodwill impairment test for Kirker assumed discrete period revenue growth through fiscal 2021 that was reflective of recent downward revisions to previous expectations for future growth from market opportunities related to contracting with certain retailers to fill nail polish for their respective private label brands as well as downward revisions to growth expectations for the Kirker liquid nail polish business below the expected liquid nail polish growth rates for the markets in which Kirker operates.  In the terminal year we assumed a long-term earnings growth rate of 3.0% that we believe is appropriate given the current industry specific expectations.  As of the valuation date, we utilized a weighted-average cost of capital of 8.0%, which we believed was appropriate as it reflected the relative risk, the time value of money, and was consistent with Kirker’s peer group. After recording the goodwill impairment charge of $140.7 million, no goodwill remained on the Kirker balance sheets as of November 30, 2016.  

Our other intangible asset impairment assessment involved estimating the fair value of each of Kirker’s amortizable intangibles and other long-lived assets as well as the indefinite-lived tradename asset and comparing it with its carrying amount. Measuring a potential impairment of amortizable intangibles and other long-lived assets requires the use of various estimates and assumptions, including the determination of which cash flows are directly related to the assets being evaluated, the respective useful lives over which those cash flows will occur and potential residual values, if any.  As the results of our testing indicated that the carrying values of certain of these assets would not be recoverable, as outlined above, we recorded other intangible asset impairments of approximately $45.7 million for the three and six months ended November 30, 2016.    

Calculating the fair value of the Kirker indefinite-lived tradename required our significant use of estimates and assumptions. We estimated the fair value of Kirker’s indefinite-live tradename by applying a relief-from-royalty calculation, which included discounted future cash flows related to its projected revenues. In applying this methodology, we relied on a number of factors, including actual and forecasted revenues and market data for the nail enamel industry.  As the carrying amount of the tradename exceeded its fair value, the impairment loss of $2.0 million was recorded for the three and six months ended November 30, 2016.

Certain assets and liabilities are subject to nonrecurring fair value measurements, which typically are remeasured at fair value as a result of impairment charges.  As a result of the impairment testing described above, the fair value of Kirker’s identifiable intangible assets and indefinite-lived tradename were recalculated, and the resulting fair value approximated $5.8 million at November 30, 2016.  Based upon our review of the fair value hierarchy, the inputs used in these fair value measurements were considered Level 3 inputs.  

 

 

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